Afrikanischer Tulpenbaum ~ Spathodea campanulata


Familie: Bignoniaceae - Bignoniengewächse

Herkunft: stammt aus Afrika

Bodenansprüche: Kübelpflanzenerde

Giessen: im Sommer die Erde nicht austrocknen lassen. Trockenheit führt zu braunen Blatträndern und Blattfall.

Standort: hell, aber keine direkte Sonne, kann im Sommer auf Balkon oder Terrase stehen

Überwinterung: Hell, bei ca. 15 Grad

Verwendung: als Kübelpflanze

Winterhärte: nicht unter 0 Grad

Wuchs: in freier Natur bis 24 m, Der afrikanische Tulpenbaum kann beschnitten werden, so daß die Endhöhe auf hausgerechten 1,5 - 2 m gehalten werden kann

Dünger vorrat: Langzeitdünger z.B. Osmocote



GB:Spathodea campanulataCommon Names: African tuliptree, flame of the forest, fountaintree, fireball, Gabon tulip tree, fire treeFamily: Bignoniaceae (bignonia Family) DescriptionThis is a large upright tree with glossy deep green pinnate leaves and glorious orange scarlet flowers. It may grow to 80 ft (24.4 m) on an ideal site, but most specimens are much smaller. The tree has a stout, tapering, somewhat buttressed trunk covered in warty light gray bark. The lateral branches are short and thick. The 1-2 ft (0.3-0.6 m) long opposite leaves, which emerge a bronzy color, are massed at the ends of the branches. They are composed of 5-19 deeply veined oval leaflets. The horn shaped velvety olive buds appear in upturned whorls at the branch tips. A few at a time, the buds of the lowest tier bend outward and open into big crinkled red orange tuliplike bells with red streaked gold throats, frilly yellow edges, and four brown-anthered stamens in the center. They are followed by 5-10 in (12.7-25.4 cm) green brown fingerlike pods pointing upwards and outwards above the foliage. Each of these pods contains about 500 tissue papery seeds. The tree flowers in spurts all through the growing season, but peak bloom is usually in the spring. 'Aurea' is a rare cultivar with yellow to orange flowers and tends to be a smaller tree.LocationAfrican tuliptree comes from the rainforests of Equatorial Africa. It is widely planted throughout the tropics and has naturalized in many parts of the Pacific. It favors moist habitats below 3,000 ft (914 m), but will grow on drier sites and thrives at up to 4,000 ft (1219 m). The biggest trees grow in moist, sheltered ravines.CultureThis species loves rich soil, but puts up with just about anything with a little fertility to it, including limerock. It is not a beachfront plant, but will survive a bit of salinity. African tuliptrees need serious pruning after every freeze or windstorm. Gardeners in marginal regions should plan on growing this as a large ephemeral shrub and plant it in a sheltered place where it can be reached by ladders or bucket trucks for regular pruning and removal of dead branches.Light: African tuliptree will survive in shade, but demands full sun for fast growth and best flowering.Moisture: These trees grow best with plenty of moisture, but will shed their leaves and endure drought.Hardiness: USDA Zones 10 - 11. African tuliptrees drop their leaves when chilled and freeze easily, but they come back from the roots vigorously and often bloom the next season. Top growth will be killed at 28-30ºF (-2.2 - -1.1ºC), but the roots may survive down to 22ºF (-5.6ºC) or below. Propagation: In the wild, the flowers are pollinated by birds and bats and the seeds are dispersed by wind. In cultivation, African tuliptrees often are grown from seed, but seed production is erratic. New specimens can be started from tip cuttings, root cuttings, or suckers.